How many missed mortgage payments before foreclosure

Usually you can be 120 days behind on your late mortgage payment before the actual foreclosure process begins and the maximum missed payments before foreclosure is four(4). However, this can vary depending on other factors, such as your lender's specific policies and the local housing market at the time.

How many missed mortgage payments are permissible

Despite the fact that the federal CARES Act imposed a foreclosure moratorium due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which expired on July 31, 2021, some states extended it. Contacting our local housing authority is the best way to find out if your state has any foreclosure relief programs in place.

Due to the rapid changes that occurred during the peak of the Covid-19 pandemic, it is recommended that homeowners review all foreclosure prevention measures adopted by their state government. For instance, the National Consumer Law Center reports that, depending on the state, certain emergency declarations prevent post-foreclosure evictions. These temporary measures may assist individuals and families in remaining in their homes, but they cannot halt a foreclosure sale or return a home that has been sold in a foreclosure purchase.

• In general, a lender will not begin foreclosure proceedings until you have missed four consecutive mortgage payments. 

• Timing can vary from lender to lender as well as depending on the state of the housing market at the time.

• If you ask your lender to work with you to pay your missed mortgage payments, you may be able to keep your home. 

• Your lender will notify you before you go into foreclosure, allowing you to make a plan.

Foreclosure Procedures May Vary By Lender

Foreclosure procedures can vary depending on the lender and may consider late mortgage payment forgiveness. If your lender has a large portfolio of low-risk loans, it may be more lenient with missed payments or make exceptions for specific borrowers. Typically, such a lender will not pursue foreclosure proceedings unless you continue to miss payments.

In contrast, if the lender has a portfolio of high-risk loans, the lender may initiate foreclosure proceedings after as few as two missed payments. Even if you are a borrower with a low default risk, the proceedings could be triggered by lender-owned mortgage pool default risk standards.

Impact of the Housing Market

Local housing market conditions are another factor that can influence the timing of foreclosure proceedings. If there are a large number of pending foreclosures in your neighbourhood or region, you may be able to stay in your home longer even though local housing authorities and courts may be overwhelmed and lack the resources to process so many cases. This can vary greatly depending on the lender and the circumstances, but there have been instances of people missing multiple monthly mortgage payments before losing their homes.

If you are in default on your mortgage, your loan servicer should attempt to resolve the situation by contacting you multiple times. Typically, it will contact you by phone 36 days after your last payment. By the 45th day after you miss a payment, your mortgage servicer is required to contact you in writing and inform you of the available options.

Although most lenders will not initiate the foreclosure process for a single missed payment, you are in violation of your mortgage contract. Therefore, it is essential to inform your lender or loan servicer as soon as possible if you anticipate missing or being late with a payment.

A Typical Timeline for Mortgage Foreclosure

Despite the fact that the mortgage foreclosure process can vary from lender to lender and state to state, this is typically how it goes. It is important to note that homeowners with an FHA-backed mortgage have extended deadlines due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In the case of an FHA loan, the owner will have 'up to 180 Days' from the date the foreclosure moratorium expires to reclaim the property.

Grace Period

First, you probably have a 15-day grace period following the due date of your mortgage payment. If you pay within this time frame, you're in the clear. If you miss multiple payments, the situation becomes more complicated. Your lender may assess late fees and report you to credit bureaus, which will have a negative effect on your credit score.


When you miss your second payment, you are deemed delinquent. At that point, your loan servicer may engage in more aggressive collection efforts. This can be a frightening circumstance, but you may still be able to reach an agreement. As with the borrower, foreclosure is messy, time-consuming, and expensive for the lender, so it is in their best interest to work with you if at all feasible. Some lenders would then agree to a loan modification, which changes the conditions of your original mortgage to make it more affordable.


If you have not reached an agreement with your mortgage lender after 90 days and have missed three mortgage payments, your situation is more dire. The servicer should send you a letter stating that you have 30 more days to bring your account current. To avoid foreclosure proceedings, you must speak with the lender or loan servicer if you wish to remain in your home. Generally, they will expect full payment of the debt, but you may be able to negotiate an alternative arrangement.

If the 30-day period expires without an agreement being reached or payments being made, foreclosure will begin. You have missed four monthly mortgage payments at this point.

What Is Foreclosure?

After a borrower defaults on a mortgaged property, the lender may legally seize possession of the property through foreclosure.

Will Foreclosure Impact My Credit Score?

A foreclosure will remain on your credit report for seven years and can make obtaining additional credit, such as a credit card or auto loan, more difficult or costly. However, its impact will diminish over time, particularly if you pay your other bills on time.

How Long Does the Foreclosure Process Take?

According to Experian, the typical duration of a foreclosure is between a few months and several years. According to ATTOM, a company that collects data on foreclosures, the time ranged from 3,068 days in Hawaii and 1,822 days in New York to 173 days in Wyoming and 254 days in Arkansas.

Where Can I Receive Assistance to Avoid Foreclosure?

If you are having trouble paying your mortgage, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) implies contacting a Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)-approved housing counsellor for assistance. On its website, the CFPB provides a search tool for locating one in your area.

The Bottom Line

If you are having trouble making your mortgage payments and are concerned about foreclosure, you should contact your lender or loan servicer as soon as possible. Many lenders will initiate foreclosure proceedings after four missed payments, but the vast majority would prefer to work with you before then to find a way to avoid it.

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